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State Progress

States Begin Exploring Road Usage Charging as an Option

Over the last 15 years, interest in road usage charging (RUC) has grown across the United States.  Members of RUC West states are researching implementation questions and systems design by working collaboratively to share best practices and develop innovative program solutions.

Want to learn more about what’s happening with RUC in your state?

Our interactive map below provides a summary of what each state is doing to advance RUC and create more sustainable transportation funding solutions.


  • Arizona joined RUC West as a member in 2014.

  • In 2014, the California state legislature passed legislation creating a Technical Advisory Committee (TAC) to study mileage-based user fees and design a program for testing.
  • The California Road Charge Pilot Program was conducted from July 2016 to March 2017. After a nine-month study involving over 5,000 vehicles statewide, California successfully completed the largest road charge pilot of its kind. The state is in the process of compiling data which will be followed up with a more in-depth analysis for the final report.
  • Results from the California Road Charge Pilot will inform the state Legislature’s decision on whether and how to move forward with a full-scale, permanent road charge program.
  • California joined RUC West as a member in 2013.

California Road Charge Pilot

  • In 2008, a state task force recommended that the Colorado Department of Transportation (CDOT) consider a mileage-fee pilot program. The task force made their recommendation after finding that the state’s gap in transportation funding was expected to grow to $51 billion by 2030.
  • In 2013, CDOT published a feasibility study that examined mileage-fees in addition to a number of additional transportation financing options. The report followed a lengthy public outreach process that included stakeholder interviews, workshops and focus groups.
  • Colorado launched a four month, 100 participant Road Usage Charge Pilot Program in December 2016 and will complete the pilot reporting in summer 2017.
  • Colorado joined RUC West as a member in 2014.

CDOT Road Usage Charge Pilot Program

  • In 2016, the Hawaii Department of Transportation (HDOT) initiated a feasibility study to explore RUC as an alternative to the state gas tax.
  • Hawaii joined RUC West as a member in 2014.

Hawaii Road Usage Charge Demonstration

  • The city of Boise was included in a study on mileage-based road usage charging conducted by the University of Iowa Public Policy Center. The study tested mileage reporting technology in 12 cities across the United States, concluding in 2010.
  • Idaho joined RUC West as a member in 2014.

  • The city of Billings was included in a study on mileage-based road usage charging conducted by the University of Iowa Public Policy Center. The study tested out mileage reporting technology in 12 cities across the United States, concluding in 2010.
  • Montana joined RUC West as a member in 2014.

  • The Nevada Department of Transportation (NDOT) began studying RUC in 2008, largely with the aid of federal funding and state university support.
  • In 2012, the state conducted a mini-field test with 40 participants, using a pay-at-the-pump system that did not rely on the collection of vehicle location data.
  • Currently, Nevada is considering partnering with other nearby RUC West states such as California, Oregon, and Washington on a multi-state pilot study to test out interoperability concepts for a regional RUC system.
  • Nevada joined RUC West as a member in 2013.

  • From 2008-10, the city of Albuquerque participated in a study on RUC conducted by the University of Iowa Public Policy Center. The study involved the deployment of a prototype RUC system incorporating onboard computers with GPS receivers in the vehicles of more than 2,500 participants in 12 cities throughout the United States
  • New Mexico joined RUC West as a member in 2015.

  • North Dakota joined RUC West as a member in 2015.

  • Oklahoma joined RUC West as a member in 2015.

  • The Oregon legislature formed a Road User Fee Task Force in 2001 to explore new ways of funding maintenance needs and improvements to the state’s transportation system.
  • After reviewing funding alternatives, the task force tested Oregon’s first road usage charge pilot program in 2007. The pilot used a pay-at-the-pump model run by the Oregon Department of Transportation (ODOT).
  • ODOT ran asecond pilot in 2012, with 88 participants from Oregon, Washington and Nevada. The second pilot included new features requested by volunteers in the previous pilot, including additional security protections and additional mileage reporting options.
  • In 2013, Oregon joined RUC West as a member.
  • On July 1, 2015, ODOT launched OReGO, seeking 5,000 volunteers for the nation’s first statewide RUC program. Participants are charged 1.5 cents for each mile they drive and receive a rebate on gas taxes paid at the pump.

OReGO

  • The city of Austin was included in a study on mileage-based road usage charging conducted by the University of Iowa Public Policy Center. The study tested out mileage reporting technology in 12 cities across the United States, concluding in 2010.
  • In 2010, the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) directed the Texas Transportation Institute to conduct a feasibility study for funding state highway projects with mileage-based fees.
  • Texas joined RUC West as a member in 2013.

  • Utah joined RUC West as a member in 2013.
  • In 2015, the Utah state legislature passed legislation to research road usage charging as an alternative transportation funding option.

  • In 2012, the Washington state legislature authorized the state transportation commission to form a stakeholder steering committee tasked with evaluating the feasibility of a road user charge and recommending potential options for a pilot test.
  • In 2013, the legislature asked the commission to evaluate the business case for road usage charging and a policy framework was developed. In this same year, Washington joined RUC West as a member.
  • The commission issued a final report to the governor and legislature in December 2014, focusing on the development of a concept of operations, the first step in putting together a systems engineering process that describes the full functionality of such a system

Washington Road Usage Charge Pilot Project


Hawaii Oklahoma Texas New Mexico North Dakota Montana Colorado Idaho Utah Arizona Nevada Oregon Washington California

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