- Time permits: Similar to a vehicle registration fee, the participant purchases unlimited road use for a specific period of time.
- Mileage permits: The participant pre-pays to drive a certain number of miles.
- Odometer charge: The participant pays a fee per mile based on periodic odometer readings.
- Automated mileage reporting without general location data: Vehicles have equipment that measures and reports mileage automatically to an account manager—either provided by a state agency or a private company. The account manager periodically (monthly or quarterly) sends the motorist an invoice for their individual road use.
- Automated mileage reporting with general location data: In-vehicle equipment reports mileage traveled to a third party account manager which invoices the participant. The equipment also provides general location data so the participant is not charged for travel out-of-state or on private roads. These options include in-vehicle telematics, smartphone apps, and plug-in devices for the vehicle’s on-board diagnostics (OBD-II) data port.
Alternative Funding Options
Many states implement weight-mile taxes for large, commercial freight trucks based on the number of axles, vehicle weight, and miles traveled. The federal government has estimated that a 40-ton, 18-wheel truck with a max payload causes the same damage as 9,600 midsize cars. This helps ensure that these heavier vehicles pay their fair share for the additional wear and tear they inflict on our roadways.